Deciphering a Citation

A citation (also called a reference) provides you with the essential details you need to find the full-text of a source and to list it in your notes and bibliography.

Breaking down the parts of a book citation:

Hoffer, Peter Charles. The Devil's Disciples: Makers of the Salem Witchcraft Trials. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996.

Hoffer, Peter Charles Author
The Devil's Disciples: Makers of the Salem Witchcraft Trials Title and subtitle
Baltimore Place of publication
Johns Hopkins University Press Publisher
1996 Date of publication

To find a book from its citation, search in the library catalog GIL-Find by author or title.

Breaking down the parts of an article citation

Latner, Richard. "The Long and Short of Salem Witchcraft: Chronology and Collective Violence in 1692." Journal of Social History 42.1 (2008): 137-56.

Latner, Richard Author
The Long and Short of Salem Witchcraft: Chronology and Collective Violence in 1692 Article title
Journal of Social History Journal title
42.1 Volume 42, issue 1 of the journal
2008 Year of publication
137-56 Page numbers of the article

To find an article from its citation, search the E-Journals tab on the Libraries homepage for the journal or magazine title. Searching by the article title or author won't retrieve your article.