Looking for free (open-access) digital versions of historic newspaper articles? A good first step might be to check NewspaperCat, a Catalog of Digital Historical Newspapers produced at the University of Florida. It currently indexes more than 1000 digital newspapers from the United States and Caribbean, covering a range of dates. It can be searched by location or newspaper title, and provides links out to the digitized papers at their library hosts around the country (including, of course, those at the Digital Library of Georgia).
Who doesn’t like a good game of trivia? The Digital Library of Georgia is home to a wealth of answers to interesting, educational, and sometimes useless Georgia trivia. How many can you get right without clicking on the links?
What is the oldest city in Georgia? Answer
Which American president spent his boyhood in Augusta, Georgia? Answer
Why was there no September 3rd, 1752 in Georgia? Answer
The first woman to serve in the United States Senate was from Georgia and spent only one day in office. Name that Georgian. Answer
For what natural resource is the city of Dahlonega famous? Answer
Ford Green, Ralph Long Jr., and Lawrence Michael Williams were the first African American students to integrate what university in Georgia? Answer
Baseball Hall of Famer Ty Cobb was a native of what city? Answer
What was the biggest battle fought in Georgia during the Civil War? Answer
You can find this post and many more at the Digital Library of Georgia’s blog, the DLG B.
Wonder what Athens looked like from the air in the 1950s? The new subject guide for air photographs, produced by the UGA Map Library, will help you discover our print and digitized/online collections of aerial views from Georgia (many available through the Digital Library of Georgia) and around the world.
Click the image above to go to the page and see what Sanford Stadium looked like in 1955! (Hint: more trees; no Tate/MLC.)
“When you see this letter stained with the blood of my husband …”
Of the 1,000 or so original documents and visual images preserved in the Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842 collection, few evoke pathos for the Indians’ plight as “the blood-stained letter” – written by the widows of Creek leader William McIntosh – appealing to the U.S. government for help.
McIntosh was killed by fellow Creeks opposed to the ceding of their land to the white settlers. In the letter, Peggy and Susannah McIntosh describe their dire situation and beg the officials to remember their pledge to assist and protect them. A description and transcription of the letter is available here, along with scans of the original.
Most of the documents, dated 1763 to 1842, are from the Cherokee tribe, but other tribes are represented, including Seminole and Creek. The documents include treaties,letters from tribal members, letters to the tribes from state representatives, military orders regarding Native Americans and the first 18 months of the first newspaper published in a Native American language, the Cherokee Phoenix.
The significance of these documents extends beyond traditional political and diplomatic history into the daily lives of Native Americans and their new European neighbors. These collections testify to the richness and continued viability of Native American culture even as it was encroached upon and eroded by European settlement. Letters of complaint to white government officials from Native Americans demonstrate their ability to contend with European institutions with a resourcefulness that belies the commonly held stereotypes from that period of Indians as violent savages or helpless victims.
Check out the Digital Library of Georgia’s blog at:
Today marks the 90th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which granted women the right to vote. To mark the occasion, we would like to highlight portions of our collection dealing with the struggle for suffrage by women in Georgia.
Georgia suffragists used a variety of methods to support their cause. They created organizations to hold conventions and rallies, lobbied the state legislature, and published articles in favor of women’s suffrage. One of the most popular and exciting ways of promoting their cause was to participate in parades. To the right is an image from the Vanishing Georgia Collection of a car decorated as a parade float by the Georgia Young People Suffrage Association, sometime before 1920. African American women were often excluded from such activities, and did most of their suffrage work through separate organizations, like the National Association of Colored Women.
The fight for suffrage in Georgia was not an easy one. Opponents of the cause in Georgia were numerous, organized, and vocal. This opposition was so strong that Georgia became the first state to reject the 19th amendment in 1919, and women in Georgia weren’t able to vote until 1922, due a law requiring Georgians to be registered for sixth months before an election. In fact, the Georgia state legislature didn’t ratify the 19th amendment until 1970. One particularly amusing example of this opposition is a pamphlet produced by the Georgia Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage entitled Unchaining the Demons of the Lower World: A Petition of Ninety-Nine Per Cent Against Suffrage. In the pamphlet, the author proposes that the female vote would lead to “the final undoing of our government.” You can read this publication by clicking on the image to the left.
To read more on women’s suffrage in Georgia, take a look at the New Georgia Encyclopedia article on Woman Suffrage. They also have articles on many of the women involved in the suffrage movement in Georgia including Rebecca Latimer Felton, Mary Latimer McLendon, Julia Flisch, and Lugenia Burns Hope. There are also articles on women who opposed suffrage, including Mildred Lewis Rutherford.
View this post and more at the Digital Library of Georgia’s blog: the DLG B.
The Hubert Bond Owens and John Linley collections contain some 1,500 images of representative architectural sites and landscapes in Georgia.
Owens and Linley were professors in the College of Environment and Design at the University of Georgia and were well-known in landscape architecture and architecture circles.
Users may search the collection in a variety of ways: by owner or architect, by architectural style or by type of building material. The collection also provides links to information from the National Register of Historic Places, the Historic American Buildings Survey, the Historic American Landscape Survey and the Historic American Engineering Record.
The database contains detailed descriptions of the structures and landscapes, and users also will be able to put each into its wider context by consulting the essays and other supplemental materials. The hope is that users will gain insight into how Georgia’s environments reflect societal and cultural values in the state.
In many cases, the slides and photographs – taken from the 1940s to the 1980s – document structures or landscapes which have been altered or no longer exist.
“This collection is a valuable tool for researchers, lovers of quality environments and students,” said Pratt Cassity, director of public service and outreach for the UGA College of Environment and Design. “This is a timely way to connect the university with its former educators, especially these two gifted teachers, influential men and great designers.”
Interest in genealogical research has grown rapidly over the last half century and the advent of the internet has opened up a whole new world to those interested in researching their family history. Resources that were once difficult to locate and navigate are now readily available to anyone with a computer and a little enthusiasm. It is for this reason we will attempt to channel Casey Kasem, and present the following “Top Five” list of Digital Library of Georgia sites for genealogists:
The Digital Library of Georgia has online newspaper archives for over thirty newspaper titles in eight cities, which are comprised of over three hundred thousand newspaper page images, ranging from 1808 to 1986 (the bulk of which is pre-1923). The newspapers are word searchable and can be browsed through by title and date. They are a wonderful source for obituaries, election results, birth announcements, estate sale ads, trial notices, and just plain old small town gossip. The newspaper archive sites currently available in the Digital Library of Georgia include the Atlanta Historic Newspapers Archive, the Columbus Enquirer Archive, the Milledgeville Historic Newspapers Archive, the Macon Telegraph Archive, the Southern Israelite Archive, and the Red and Black Archive.
One of the Digital Library of Georgia’s most recent projects, this site features obituary clippings printed in the Calhoun Times and in several other, out-of-print, Gordon County newspapers, ranging from the early 19th century into the present day. The database contains over 46,000 digitized clippings, which can be searched by keyword and date, making it a quick and easy task to follow families through generations of life in Gordon County.
This database contains over one thousand funeral programs from the East Central Georgia Regional Library’s print collection. The site, which largely focuses on the Augusta, Georgia area (but contains programs from around the state and country), includes programs ranging from 1933 to 2008. Users can navigate the site by performing keyword searches or browsing the collection by name, city, date, and funeral site. The programs usually include small biographies that contain information useful to genealogists, including educational degrees and church memberships. The site even has a few programs of national historic significance (Tuskegee Airman Cassius Harris, right).
Think you have a distant relative associated with the University of Georgia? This is a good place to start! These two digitized catalogs contain a wealth of information on University alumni and employees that could be useful for genealogists. The Centennial Alumni Catalog is comprised of over 1,700 biographical questionnaires of people who matriculated at the University of Georgia. These questionnaires include information on marriages, professions, honors, memberships, and military service. The 1906 catalog (see image, right) is far more comprehensive in its list of university attendees and employees, but contains less detail. Students in this catalog are organized by class and are indexed by name at the end of the text.
This Georgia Archives collection contains thousands of digitized early 20th century death certificates from Georgia that are searchable by name, date, county, and even certificate number. The information contained in the death certificates has also been transcribed and is presented below each digitized image of the document for user convenience. These death certificates include information on name, birthdate, city of birth, date and city of death, parents and spouse’s names, sex, race, and ethnicity.
Archives hold mysteries waiting for the curious to come along and solve. One of these can be found in the diary of Anna Fannie Gorham, a young woman living in Hamilton at the beginning of the Civil War. A transcription of her last diary entry is pictured (click to enlarge).
Anna describes her life with entries on visiting her sisters, reading, mending and courtship.
Beginning on Monday, December 30, 1861, the diary presents a cloudy view of Anna’s life. It often makes oblique references, in one case mentioning only “the surprise.”
It is also, underneath the cloudiness, attentive and funny. On January 12, 1862, Anna went to a prayer meeting at the Methodist church: “Col. Mobley got up to make some remarks and Lucy Gibbs got up and left.”
Another entry describes an argument involving gunfire, ending in the arrest of a “Mr. McinTyer.” She says, “Bud locked him up in his office a while and then brought him home with him to dinner.”
Anna was smitten with her sister’s step-son, Wes Murphey, who “told me he loved me better than any one else, that he had a perfect fancy for a small lady, he did not like these overgrown girls.” After a two-year courtship, Anna became disillusioned with Capt. Murphey, recording that she sent him “a note to wound his feelings if possible. He is not the man I thought he was. he (sic) drinks very hard.”
Four days later the diary ends abruptly: “This morning the Dr. called (came) again.”
Was Anna overtaken by illness? Did she die of a broken heart? Or was the remainder of her diary simply lost in the hardship of the coming years?
Anna’s mysterious diary is included in the Digital Library of Georgia. Perhaps an historian, or maybe just some inquisitive person, may stumble across her diary one day and wish to find answers to the questions it raises.
Y2K…anyone? Planes falling from the sky, computers unable to tell time, nano-level Keystone Kops type stuff bringing everything to a complete stop. I forget exactly what the fear was (we’d wake up on the LOST island?).
This First Friday Briefing (pictured) from the Georgia Department of Defense recounts the “sigh of relief” as all heck did not break loose upon the arrival of the year 2000.
You can rewind an interesting piece of recent history using the Georgia Government Publications portal in the DLG. You can read the executive order from Governor Roy Barnes that established Georgia’s Y2K Interagency Task Force. Review the growing concern in a 1998 article from the State Personnel News titled, “Are state computers going to crash January 1, 2000?” :
“Part of the problem is that over 50% of the software programs used by state government are over 11 years old and are obsolete. There aren’t even programmers around who know them. (pg.5)”
Or peruse this memorandum from the Public Service Commission in which the “first electronic crisis of an automated society” leads to the conclusion of “four plausible scenarios: (I) “Crisis Avoided,” (II) “Much Ado About Nothing,” (III) “the Tempest in a Teapot,” and (IV) “Crisis.
You can find more posts like this at the blog of the Digital Library of Georgia: the DLG B.
The University of Georgia Libraries has a new addition – a statuette awarded at the 2010 Southeast Regional Emmy Awards Saturday in Atlanta.
Andrew Young Presents: How We Got Over was recognized for technical achievement, one of three Emmys it received. The documentary is largely based historical news footage made available through the Walter J. Brown Media Archives and Peabody Awards Collection. It aired on Georgia Public Television as part of the Andrew Young Presents series.
Young and Producer CB (sic) Hackworth were recognized, along with UGA Libraries employees Toby Graham, deputy university librarian; Ruta Abolins, director of the media archives; Margie Compton and James Benyshek of the archives; Craig Breaden of the Russell Library for Political Research and Studies; Barbara McCaskill, UGA English professor, in addition to student employees and other members of the production team.
“As the producer CB Hackworth said to me, it was all about honoring the technical achievement of the Civil Rights Digital Library and in particular the WSB and WALB newsfilm preserved and represented in the project, as well as the Freedom on Film website and the Highlander Folk School website,” Abolins said, adding that, after accepting the award, Young told her it belongs at the UGA Libraries.
The raw news footage, from WSB in Atlanta and WALB in Albany, form the centerpiece of the Civil Rights Digital Library.
“The Civil Rights Digital Library (CRDL) initiative is the most ambitious and comprehensive effort to date to deliver educational content on the Civil Rights Movement via the Web,” said P. Toby Graham, also director of the Digital Library of Georgia, based at the UGA Libraries. “It is national in scope and there really is nothing else like it.”
Held by the Libraries’ media archives, the moving images—about 450 clips–cover a broad range of key civil rights events.
“The video archive covers both national figures and local leaders,” Abolins said. “There is more than two hours of film related to Martin Luther King, Jr. Dr. King’s role in the Albany Movement is documented extensively, including clips of speeches at mass meetings, his arrest by local police, press conferences, and his visit to a pool hall to urge local African Americans to adopt non-violence in achieving change in Albany.”
“We never expected our archival work to be honored, so this award is very special to us. The award will go into the new special collections building when it is completed in September 2011,” Abolins said.